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Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Hart, Jeremiah J.
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This research examines military doctrine and warfare maneuver strategy to determine its efficacy for improving law enforcement command and control efforts for mutual aid during paramilitary terrorist attacks. A qualitative analysis of case studies was conducted on terrorist attacks in Boston, Paris, and San Bernardino to uncover commonalities with the law enforcement response challenges. The identified law enforcement challenges were then compared with aspects of warfare maneuver strategy and...
Topics: strategy, law enforcement mutual-aid, terrorism, terrorist attacks, militarized maneuver terrorism,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Invaluable information pertinent to decision making in naval planning and policy can be extracted from free response survey comments. However, processing survey comments for analysis can cost considerable time and funding depending on the methods used. We extend the work of Cairoli’s 2017 Naval Postgraduate School thesis, \"Categorization of Survey Text Utilizing Natural Language Processing,” and demographic filtering to aid the Navy in analysis of short-answer, free response comments...
Topics: Navy surveys, free response comments, topic labels, comment labeling, natural language processing,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Kessopha, Joseph A.
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Fossil fuels produce most of the world’s energy. They have a high energy density, but they release greenhouse gases and are a limited resource. Renewable energy is a relatively new concept that produces low to zero emissions and consists of a variety of methods such as solar, wind, and hydroelectric energy. While the ocean is a very large resource, there is limited research in harvesting energy from it. This research develops and tests a triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) using rotational...
Topics: TENG, wave, triboelectric, generator, voltage, current, power
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Shibazaki, Shane S.
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According to conventional wisdom, a country’s population affects its ability to staff and fund its military. Japan analysts agree, making the case that Japan’s current demographic situation should be constraining manpower and funding in its military—the Self-Defense Forces (SDF). However, Japan has maintained both manning and expenditure levels for the SDF, despite its aging and declining population. Does the conventional wisdom not apply to Japan? If not, why? How has Japan maintained...
Topics: demographic trends, Japan, military funding, military manpower, population aging, population...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The safe and effective operation of U.S. Navy ships is dependent on Sailors who must stand an alert and responsive watch. When Sailors become fatigued, mishaps and accidents with grave consequences can occur. Habitability factors onboard Navy ships have a direct impact on a Sailor's ability to obtain adequate sleep. Specifically, light and temperature within the berthing compartment can have an effect on a Sailor’s sleep. This study investigates the rack curtain’s effect on light and...
Topics: sleep, sleep conditions, habitability, habitability factors, circadian based watchbill, light,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis seeks to improve the Norwegian special operations forces’ tactical ability to counter domestic hybrid scenarios. The thesis answers two questions: which fundamental factors of the operational environment identify Russia’s new tactics, and how have allied nations’ special operations forces (SOF) improved their design after identifying similar challenges in their operational environments? Case studies of Russia’s hybrid warfare development in Georgia and on the Crimea...
Topics: hybrid war, hybrid threat, countermeasures, gray zone conflict, operational environment, Russia,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Lambert, Emily L.; Nguyen, Jacob D.; Noronha, Sean J.; Rodriguez, Moises J.; Saint-Fleur, Marc A.; Sebacher, Kristina L.; Travis, Jazmine C.
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Physiological episodes (PEs)continue to be a top safety concern for aviators across the United States Navy and United States Air Force. At their worst, PEs can result in catastrophic outcomes for aviators and aircraft. The team sought to identify short- and long-term solutions utilizing commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) and proprietary devices that provide both environmental and aircrew physiological measurements in real time and post-flight necessary to identify PEs. The team sought out readily...
Topics: biometric, fighter, physiological episode, cockpit, data, aircraft operations
Naval Postgraduate School
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Motherhood goes unrivaled amongst many life experiences. Yet it also can disrupt almost everything in a woman’s life—including her physical health. Black women, in particular, have worse maternal health outcomes than White, non-Hispanic women in the civilian population. This project compares birth outcomes among civilian and military populations to determine whether maternal health disparities disappear in a universally insured sample of women under TRICARE. The military tracks detailed...
Topics: diversity, minority, maternal healthcare, universal healthcare
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Kim, Seung
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This thesis divides the controversy over THAAD into the phases of decision and deployment and assesses the influence of five independent drivers in this timeline: 1) changes in pressure from the United States 2) changes in pressure from China driving external structural changes in South Korea, 3) increases in North Korea’s nuclear threat, 4) the roles of the ROK’s powerful presidency and conservative South Korea’s policymakers, and 5) political participation of the public. The thesis...
Topics: THAAD, decision-making, alliance
Scholars and researchers have long held a negative view of subnational forces and their participation in wars, especially civil wars. The literature has tended to suggest that subnational forces are often linked with the longer duration of civil wars, the increased lethality of war, and human rights abuses during war. In this thesis, that general view is challenged by the case of the Peshmerga forces in Iraq. By examining the case of Peshmerga of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq during the conflict...
Topics: Peshmerga, ISIS, subnational forces, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Larson, Michael E.
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As the Marine Corps looks to identify new ways to retain and promote quality talent, it must build a culture of support for its parents. This proposal analyzes the effects of parenthood on health and performance in the Marine Corps. Using personnel data from 2013–2019 on all active-duty Marines, I conduct a time series analysis and establish pre- and post-birth trends to estimate the effects that childbirth has on first-time parents and how patterns differ among subgroup populations. Results...
Topics: United States Marine Corps, USMC, childbirth, impact on performance, parental policy, health,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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In 2019, only twelve U.S. states/territories require the Emergency Communications Officer (ECO) to meet hiring standards, twenty-nine require basic training standards, twenty-three require continuing-education standards, and twenty-three require use of pre-arrival medical instruction protocols. Furthermore, the federal government misclassifies the profession within its Office and Administrative Support occupational grouping, as opposed to the Protective Service occupational grouping. There is...
Topics: 9-1-1, 911, public safety telecommunicator, public-safety Telecommunicator, emergency dispatcher,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Johnson, Roger A.
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The Marine Corps is world-renowned for being a unique and resilient culture with an illustrious history. The term “resilience” is riddled throughout policy-shaping documents where expectations are set for Marines to enhance it, yet these documents lack guidance in how to do so. This study aims to isolate an amenable cultural definition of resilience and test the Marine Corps Martial Arts Program’s (MCMAP) ability to enhance it. A survey conducted by the author received responses from 192...
Topics: resilience, Brief Resilience Scale, psychological capital, Marine Corps, Marine Corps Martial Arts...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Kurt, Darren
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Navigation without external beacon systems has been a long-standing goal within the autonomous systems community. Terrain-aided navigation (TAN) presents an alternative to external localization but requires a prior map. In many cases, the unmanned vehicle (UV) is surveying areas where no map exists and therefore TAN cannot be employed. Active terrain-aided navigation (ATAN) incorporates reinforcement learning (RL) into TAN to reduce the dependence on a prior map. The spatial and temporal...
Topics: machine learning, artificial intelligence, reinforcement learning, autonomous systems, robotics,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) provides a unique and environmentally friendly solution to problems posed with other renewable energy systems. Solar and wind have peak generation times that do not correspond to peak usage times. Using CAES allows for the storage of that excess energy to be used later or to charge battery/capacitor banks when solar and wind are not available. Manufacture and maintenance of compressed air (CA) systems is inexpensive and CA infrastructure already exists...
Topics: Compressed Air Energy Storage, CAES, air motor, capacitor, super-capacitor, energy extraction,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Lowry, Bryan
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A networked control system (NCS) is a single system composed of multiple discrete agents, and is often modeled as a graph of nodes (agents) and connecting edges (communications links). NCS technology is increasingly important for control of autonomous vehicles (UxVs). Proper placement of the NCS elements is vital to mission effectiveness, but finding optimal NCS configurations is almost always computationally prohibitive. In this thesis, we explore using submodularity to solve this problem....
Topics: networked control system, distributed network control, adaptive submodularity, network robustness,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The Philadelphia Police Department currently has no policy providing guidance to its police officers on how to safely and humanely enact the quarantine enforcement component of the Isolation and Quarantine Plan developed by the Philadelphia Department of Public Health. Thus, this thesis addresses the question: How can a humane quarantine policy be enforced by the Philadelphia Police Department to stop the spread of communicable infectious diseases? To answer the question, a Likert Scale was...
Topics: law enforcement, quarantine, disease, public health
This study examined government civilian employee attrition, primarily with Navy acquisitions personnel, and attempted to find trends that contribute to resignation turnover. Civilian attrition within the Department of Defense is an issue that can severely hinder our mission readiness. Due to some of their contractual limitations, it is much harder to replace their billets than it is with active duty personnel. It is important that we retain highly skilled and qualified employees so that we can...
Topics: civilian, acquisition, attrition, Employee Satisfaction Survey, turnover, demographics
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Lopez, Juan
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This thesis examines the emerging relationship of two Middle Eastern regional powers—Saudi Arabia and Iran—with a globally expansionist Chinese state. Due to the existing U.S. national security interests in the Middle Eastern region, it is critical to identify the principal drivers that have prompted both Iran and Saudi Arabia to develop closer ties with China in order to determine if and how these relationships may affect U.S. interests. Clarifying the dynamics of the Sino-Saudi and...
Topics: Middle East, China, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Gulf Cooperation Council, GCC, Strait of Hormuz, CENTCOM,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The majority of Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA’s) preparedness grants were created in the wake of 9/11 through the Department of Homeland Security Act of 2002 (Act). These grants, as required by the Act, are predicated on addressing terrorism preparedness. The National Preparedness Goal (the Goal) was introduced in 2011 to provide an all-hazards capability-based system to measure the nation’s level of preparedness. The purpose of this thesis is to determine if FEMA’s...
Topics: grants, preparedness, resilience, terrorism, natural disasters, Homeland Security, emergency...
Naval Postgraduate School
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An explosion of online transactions has occurred with recent developments in blockchain technology and the availability of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies as a form of stored value. With its feature of pseudo-anonymity, cryptocurrency enables illicit transactions in which users attempt to hide their identities through various methods such as “mixers.” Meanwhile, scholarly research on how to track down address ownership based on blockchain transaction flow and other offline methods is...
Topics: blockchain, address clustering, machine learning, big data
Naval Postgraduate School
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Environmental disasters are complex problems not only for the communities directly hit but also for areas that receive the people forced out of their homes. In developing nations, this situation is called internal displacement and is recognized internationally as a protection and security problem similar to refugee flows. Wealthier countries like the United States, however, have not yet acknowledged similar concerns domestically. This thesis explores the right to freedom of movement, the...
Topics: social identity, conflict, adaptation, internal displacement, migration, refugees, resettlement,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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In 2018, the Camp fire, a conflagration in the wildland–urban interface (WUI), destroyed Paradise, California, killing nearly 90 residents. Reports of the disaster focused on risk reduction in the structural or wildland environments; a comprehensive, collaborative look at the WUI, where the built environment and wildland or “outdoors” meet, has yet to be produced. In the 1970s, statistics on the number of fires and on persons killed or injured in fires, showed alarming growth, and in 1973...
Topics: wildland-urban interface, community risk reduction, firefighting, wildland, cohesive strategy,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The constant increase in air demand worldwide is expected to lead to a surge in traffic control, which has raised questions about air traffic safety and air traffic control efficiency. The objective of this thesis is to create a model that effectively utilizes a small amount of data to predict the destination of an aircraft probabilistically. The model also can be used to predict anomalous situations. The destination forecasting model is based on Bayesian updating using Automatic Dependent...
Topics: ADS-B, predict, destination, trajectory, Bayesian, model, phase
Naval Postgraduate School
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The U.S. Navy’s rigid airship program (1919–1939) represented an innovative attempt to meet the needs of the Fleet in an era of geopolitical uncertainty and rapid technological change. However, when it was over, 105 men of the Navy, including Admiral William A. Moffett, and four of the Navy’s five rigid airships, would be lost. Why did the Navy initiate, sustain, and ultimately terminate this controversial program? This thesis answers these questions by analyzing the Navy’s pursuit of...
Topics: military innovation studies, military history, aviation history, William A. Moffett, Billy...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Hard, Ryan C.
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The double pendulum is a system of two connected masses, one tethered to a point in space and the other tethered to the first mass. The double pendulum exhibits chaotic motion under the influence of an external force such as the gravitational force. The chaotic motion is sensitive to the initial conditions or positions of the masses, resulting in an infinite number of possible motion paths. The chaotic motion paths produced by the double pendulum can be exploited to produce binary sequences....
Topics: pseudorandom number generation, chaotic motion, double pendulum
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Mullane, Patrick E.
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Political demonstrations occur frequently worldwide. The frequency of these events will surely increase with the upcoming U.S. presidential election. Law enforcement entities must prepare for these events from a variety of frameworks and be aware of current terrorist trends and the potential for attacks at demonstrations. This thesis presents case studies of two political demonstrations—the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, and the yellow jacket protests in France—as well...
Topics: New York City Police Department, political protest, demonstration, ramming attack, edged weapon,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Hedrick, Lance A.
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China’s January 2018 Arctic White Paper formally introduced the concept of a Polar Silk Road as a piece of the larger Belt and Road Initiative, while announcing China as a near-Arctic state. This thesis analyzes four areas China stated in the white paper as goals in the Arctic—scientific research, shipping routes, resource utilization, and Arctic governance—and attempts to answer the question, Has China’s behavior in the Arctic over the past decade been consistent with the cooperative...
Topics: China, Russia, Arctic, Belt and Road Initiative, Polar Silk Road
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Morgan, Clark J.
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Laos’s pursuit of hydroelectric development for economic development and to become the “Battery of Asia” has achieved short-term goals. Long-term growth is inconclusive as environmental damage from each dam is changing agriculture and fishery production in Laos. This thesis used the World Energy Council Trilemma to assess the impact of increased hydroelectric availability. Laos’s energy security has remained marginally improved with the increased availability of electrical power, but...
Topics: hydroelectric, dams, environmental, renewable energy, development, developing states,...
A nationally accepted and adopted methodology for state departments of transportation to assess the importance of roads, bridges, and other transportation assets does not exist. Instead, transportation agencies must prioritize the projects to invest in, without having a complete picture of the makeup of their network and the risk posed from a loss or disruption of a component of the network. To make informed transportation investment decisions, transportation leaders need to have the tools...
Topics: transportation, risk assessment, investment, network modeling
Naval Postgraduate School
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With the assistance of high-resolution satellites, unmanned aerial vehicles, and fixed camera observation points, coastal change detection and landscape classification are active research areas that have the capability to provide situational awareness. However, classification of bottom types in littoral waters is an area of coastal landscape classification that has not been studied extensively, and accurate and timely classification of bottom types remains elusive. Furthermore, it is unclear...
Topics: machine learning, neural networks, bottom type, semantic segmentation, remote sensing, data...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Small, Laura C.
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Stemming from the Chief of Naval Personnel's Sailor 2025 initiatives, the Performance Evaluation Transformation-Talent Management (PET-TM) program is tasked with improving and modernizing the Navy's current performance evaluation system. In support of these initiatives, this thesis conducts a case analysis of the current Navy performance evaluation system to highlight its main shortcomings. In addition, this thesis performs a review of scholarly and industry literature to identify successful...
Topics: personnel management, evaluations, performance, typology, retention, feedback, coaching
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Miller, Brian S.
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Law enforcement officers’ exposure to stress exacts a toll on them. Agencies have programs designed to mitigate stress and assist officers after a critical incident, but research shows pre-exposure to stressors may help officers better mitigate stress. The goal of this thesis was to examine stress management and psychological resiliency tools that are most promising in reducing stress and building resilience in law enforcement, starting with a review of the effects of chronic and acute...
Topics: PTSD, stress, police suicide, resilience, mindfulness, wellness
Naval Postgraduate School
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In my thesis, I study whether a patient experiencing longer wait times in the emergency department (ED) is more or less likely to receive a medication, a non-prescription drug, or intravenous therapy (IV). Using survey data from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), I analyze a sample of 98,451 ED visits from 2012 to 2016. My key variable is wait time, measured as a series of indicator variables for each quartile of the wait time distribution. My three outcome variables are: (1)...
Topics: emergency department, wait time, medication, prescription patterns
Naval Postgraduate School
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Illicit fentanyl and its analogs are the most substantial synthetic opioid threat that North America faces, and there is no indication that the threat will decrease in the near future. Illicit fentanyl is a synthetic opioid that is, at a minimum, 50 to 100 times stronger than morphine and responsible for the exponential increase in overdoses and overdose deaths in recent years. Illicit fentanyl and its analogs are being mixed with drugs such as cocaine and heroin and have been found disguised...
Topics: overdose, fentanyl, pills, fentanyl crisis, America's fentanyl, America's fentanyl crisis, opioids,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Hernandez Rodriguez, Jesse M.; Serna, Cesar
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Improving diversity and inclusion is a priority for the U.S. Navy. We examine whether having more leaders and peers from minority groups has any impact on minority and non-minority enlisted and officer retention on different U.S. Navy platforms. We use longitudinal data on first-term enlisted sailors and naval officers from the Defense Manpower Data Center to estimate role model and peer causal effects on first-term reenlistment and retention on different size naval platforms. The results...
Topics: role model, military role models, U.S. Navy role models, inclusion, diversity, same race/ethnicity,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) are a powerful tool for identification of patterns and objects within imagery or video. Training CNNs that can generalize well to their intended target dataset can require large amounts of labeled source data. The characteristics and distribution of this source (training) data must be representative of the target dataset for it to perform well. Labeled source data that fits this requirement is not always readily available. Research published by Ganin et al.,...
Topics: neural networks, deep learning, convolutional neural network, artificial neural networks, domain...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis is a comparative analysis of China’s influence in Djibouti and Panama. Specifically, this thesis asks what economic, political, and security factors contributed to the establishment of China’s first overseas military base in Djibouti, whether these factors are found in Panama, and, if so, what explains the absence of a Chinese military base, or simply security cooperation, in Panama to date. Djibouti and Panama are both positioned at strategic waterways—the Bab al Mandeb and...
Topics: China, Latin America, base, military, facility, BRI, OBOR, belt and road, strategy, PRC, maritime...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Situational awareness (SA) is a critical issue for public safety disciplines, including emergency management, law enforcement, and the fire service. These fields operate substantially differently from each other, but share a common model for SA, based on John Boyd’s OODA loop. Boyd’s model, though applied widely, is heavily shaped by artefacts from its origin in the culture of fighter pilots. These artefacts include premises that the practitioner can perceive information directly, has a...
Topics: situational awareness, SA model, distributed teams, shared SA, emergency management
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Quartuccio, John J.
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This dissertation presents a methodology to derive inherent behavior patterns in system-of-systems architectures. When considering the possibility of not only the intended behaviors of a system but also the alternative, unintended behaviors of the system, the developer needs to evaluate hundreds of possible outcomes, even for a simple model. This set of outcomes grows to tens of thousands for a reasonably complex model, driving the need for some means of systematic analysis that ensures the...
Topics: pattern identification, behavior model, semantic search, small-scope hypothesis, model-based...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Reichhart, Thomas J.
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Improvements are needed in the U.S. Navy’s enlisted detailing process in order to reduce the number of sailors forced into billets that do not meet their personal or professional desires. This thesis explores behavioral economic concepts, specifically nudge theory, and presents recommendations to help reduce forced billet distribution. Additionally, it proposes comprehensive improvements to be made in the detailing process that will help to incentivize the specific hard-to-fill jobs...
Topics: detailing, marketplace, incentives, nudge theory, location challenge, work condition challenge, and...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Higgins, Ronnell A.
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The strategy a campus police leader and university administration adopt in a post-9/11 world must consider the context of campus attacks and foiled plots over the past 12 years: the 2007 Virginia Tech massacre, the 2014 University of California Santa Barbara attack killing six, and, tangentially, the 2015 arrest by Boston Police of a Boston Police captain’s son for plotting an Islamic State-inspired attack against a college campus. The nexus among the three attacks is that the campus and...
Topics: campus police, Joint Terrorism Task Force, campus terrorism attacks, academic security
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Hickman, Daniel M.
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Political parties that have emerged from civil conflicts in Central America have experienced uneven levels of success and significant variation in competition. In the case of Nicaragua, the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) has won several national elections against a limited opposition that has struggled to consolidate. In El Salvador, two parties, the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front and the Nationalist Republican Alliance, emerged from the civil conflict. Each has...
Topics: party system, political parties, insurgency, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Guatemala
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Hagen, Jaylyn D.; Pryor, Michael R.
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The U.S. Navy is currently considering a transformation of its personnel performance evaluation system to ensure retention and promotion processes that are less subjective and contribute to a more efficient personnel management system. In this thesis, using an integrated quantitative and qualitative approach, we examine the process and criteria used by the U.S. Navy to select officers from the unrestricted line (URL) for O-5 promotion. We find that the Navy lags in using personality traits and...
Topics: O-5 promotion, selection, URL, Navy retention, Promotion, selection criteria, promotion board,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Within the last decade, Russia and China have greatly expanded their presence in Latin America—often in ways deemed threatening to U.S. national interests. Partly echoing the first half of the Cold War, the U.S. aims to maintain influence in the region while these states seek to counter any advances. At the same time, the current administration has proposed major cuts to the foreign aid budget. Many experts worry that large cuts could diminish U.S. influence and harm bilateral partnerships....
Topics: foreign aid, aid, foreign assistance, assistance, influence, great power competition, Latin...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis explores specific conditions that may indicate a change in military-security relations between Brazil and the United States. Those conditions include Brazil's economic growth, both countries' leadership decisions on foreign policy, and Brazil's involvement in international security institutions. While one condition alone may not lead toward a definitive sign indicating future change of military-security relations, a great deal of these conditions collectively appear to show a...
Topics: Brazil, military, security cooperation, United States
Naval Postgraduate School
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This research is a continuing analysis of Officer of the Deck (OOD) proficiency in the U.S. Navy. Data was analyzed from the Surface Warfare Officers School (SWOS) OOD simulator assessments conducted with 66 OODs in Newport, Rhode Island, from April 2019 to January 2020. Additionally, self-reported demographic and experience survey data was used, which was categorized into demographics, operational tempo, overall experience, and the recency of that experience. Summarizing the experience data,...
Topics: Officer of the Deck, OOD, OOD proficiency, Surface Warfare Officer, OOD experience, experience...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The U.S. Marine Corps utilizes its Supply Management Units (SMU) to provide Class IX repair parts support for the Marine Expeditionary Forces. These SMUs work with the Defense Logistics Agency to maintain an inventory of Class IX items that meets customer demand. Each SMU calibrates the inventory levels for each of its repair parts by adjusting several parameters: reorder point (ROP), time between inventory inspections (TBI), and requisitioning objective (RO). ROP and TBI determine when the SMU...
Topics: repair parts, centralized logistics, logistic flexibility, inventory management
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Hirsch, Charles Y.
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Sustainable power at the forefront of Department of Defense operations is paramount on the battlefield as well as at naval installations around the world, and microgrid technology enables the deployment of renewable energy sources. This thesis develops a physics-based model of a three-phase microgrid set up with three commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) inverters and a battery bank as its energy storage system. Both the model and the laboratory microgrid can be operated in grid-tied or in islanding...
Topics: microgrid, three phase power system, microgrid control systems, photovoltaic power source, battery...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Shorter, Evan K.
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The United States and India both perceive China’s growing military might and assertive foreign policy as a threat to their national strategic objectives, a realization that is driving the two nations toward a close defense partnership with naval cooperation at its center. Although U.S. leaders have embraced naval cooperation as the most promising way forward, no readily available study of how U.S.–India naval cooperation bears on U.S. interests exists as a guide to further U.S. strategic...
Topics: India, Indian Ocean, People's Republic of China, naval cooperation, Indian Navy, Indo-Pacific...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Roberts, Kathryn M.
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Countering the radical Islamist narrative remains a high-profile priority of the United States in its ongoing efforts to counter domestic violent extremism. Since mid-2014, government officials have condemned the United States as unable to muster a satisfactory “counter-narrative,” and emphasize the potentially devastating consequences of failure. Experts inside and outside the government describe the Islamic State as masters of the internet capable of reaching into the United States and...
Topics: counternarrative, counter-messaging, CVE
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Ricard, Christopher J.; Neuer, Richard A.
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There is a disproportionate distribution of Sailors throughout the naval aviation enterprise, as the Navy is unable to solicit Sailors to voluntarily serve in specific geographically remote locations. The topography and proximity to open airspace in these locations are ideal for the aviation community’s mission, but Sailors do not identify them as desirable places to live and raise their families. This mismatch causes friction between detailers and their constituents, leading to poor job...
Topics: AIP, assignment, base support services, billets, cafeteria style incentive, detailer, detailer...
Naval Postgraduate School
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An upper-level trough that transited the Black Sea to the lee side of the Middle Taurus Mountains in Southern Turkey is analyzed over the course of three days, from 1200 UTC 17 February to 0000 UTC 20 February 2015. Analysis of this storm, using CFSR re-analysis output as a means to identify a cut-off, upper-level low, with associated downstream sensible weather in the Tigris-Euphrates River Valleys, is a crucial first step in locating a quasi-stationary system. This type of an anomalous event...
Topics: lee cyclogenesis, synoptic, mesoscale, potential vorticity
Fiscal year 2018 marked the onset of a phased transition of command over the Military Treatment Facilities (MTF) to the recently established Defense Health Agency. As the MTF environment goes through a landmark transition, the optimal future functions and capabilities of each MTF remain under planning and evaluation. Strategic decision making requires complete information for future operational planning. Currently, little is known about the baseline demographics, determinants of turnover,...
Topics: Defense Health Agency, civilian workforce, healthcare workforce, medical workforce, nurse...
The laws and directives in the state of New Jersey governing emergency management must ensure a defined, understood, and achievable mission, and clearly delineate responsibilities at each level of government. This thesis addresses how emergency management in New Jersey can be modified based on a comprehensive analysis of the New Jersey Civil Defense and Disaster Control Act of 1942 and the corresponding New Jersey Office of Emergency Management directives. Each statute of the act and each...
Topic: emergency management
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Tan, Wei Sheng Wilson
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A ship experiences different sea conditions during sailing. Particularly in adverse conditions, the ship generator will be put under extreme loading stress due to power fluctuations. This could potentially damage or shut down the generator. Having a Hybrid Energy Storage System (HESS) reduces the loading stress on the generator, as it can take over as an alternative power source. The goal of the thesis is to design a control strategy using Model Predictive Control (MPC) to effectively control...
Topics: energy management systems for hybrid ships, Hybrid Energy Storage System, HESS, generator overload
America’s maritime ports provide vital services to the nation’s economy and national security functioning as the critical nodes in a transportation network facilitating imports and exports and connecting distribution routes throughout the entire country. Many maritime ports also provide facilities for military operations for all branches of the Departments of Defense and Homeland Security. The homeland security enterprise is primarily focused on counterterrorism. A changing climate brings...
Topics: maritime infrastructure, climate change, terrorism, rising sea levels, San Diego, Norfolk, Port of...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Strange, John B., Jr.
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The purpose of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of the learning methods and training techniques in the High Performer Track (HPT) program for possible replication at other formal schools and fleet units. This thesis applied a qualitative analysis to the learning methods and training techniques from the program and quantitative analysis on how the HPT Marines performed at the advanced infantry schools compared with their peers. In 2018, the Secretary of Defense established the Close...
Topics: infantry, training, adult learning
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Spinelli, Ross
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Networks have long been a subject of study, but with an explosion in the amount of available data to describe them, machine learning (ML) methods have become a popular complement to traditional network analysis techniques. When the challenge of uncertainty enters the picture, many difficulties can be attacked with ML methods. Social network analysis is an analysis of networks among people using machine learning techniques. For example, social networks can be networks of friends or followers in...
Topics: social network analysis, machine learning
Recovery is the disaster after the disaster, particularly for long-term recovery (LTR). Classic emergency management (EM) approaches may fail to address LTR because of its “wicked problems,” which evade traditional top-down systems. For wicked problems, scholars recommend mobilization of varied stakeholder networks. One such network exists in LTR through community-led coalitions, an organizing phenomenon coordinating nonprofits, congregations, associations, and other services to streamline...
Topics: disaster recovery, long-term recovery, community-led coalition, recovery coalition, unmet needs...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Terrazas, Gustavo A.
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This research examines the applicability of machine learning algorithms to best predict the probability of reenlistment of enlisted first-term Marines. Given the availability of data today, machine learning can be a useful tool to make policy decisions that can impact the future Fleet Marine Force. This thesis uses demographic data, pre-boot-camp data, performance indicators, legal data, awards data, and selective reenlistment bonus indicators to identify factors that contribute to the...
Topics: machine learning, talent management, reenlistment, Marine Corps
A power electronics-based Energy Management System (EMS) is a key component of a microgrid; it manages loads, controls power flow to improve overall efficiency, and disconnects Distributed Energy Resources (DER) from the main grid in the event of a grid fault. The latter is the focus of the research conducted in this thesis. IEEE Standard 1547-2018 provides the requirements relevant to the connection of a microgrid to the main grid. The standard requires that the disconnection control method...
Topics: microgrid, supercapacitors, IEEE Standard 1547, Distributed Energy Resources
In 2004, the United States military officially recognized cyberspace as its own warfighting domain. This recognition ultimately led to the creation of the 10th Combatant Command—U.S. Cyber Command—in 2017. The swift action created a capability deficit to fill within the Marine Corps. Lateral moves from the signal intelligence and communication communities have been used to fill this gap. However, lateral movers do not necessarily equate to community maturity and expertise. The recent...
Topics: direct officer accessions, U.S. Marine Corps, National Defense Authorization Act, cyber, culture
Naval Postgraduate School
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Chinese foreign investment and official financing significantly increased following the announcement of the zouchuqu, or “go global” policy, in 1999. China’s emergence as an international investor, lender, and benefactor—especially in the developing world—has led to concerns that its activities threaten the existing international order. This thesis seeks to determine the factors that drove Chinese foreign direct investment (FDI) and official financing in Sub-Saharan Africa by...
Topics: China, foreign direct investment, official financing, ODA, OOF, Export-Import Bank of China, China...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Parrish, Evan
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Using the knowledge that the naval shipbuilding industrial base has gone through multiple stages of consolidation since 1945, this thesis explores what causal factors have caused weaknesses in the industrial base. And, why has the naval shipbuilding industrial base consolidated since 1945? To answer these questions, this thesis tested the hypotheses that boom-and-bust cycle of military spending, congressional distribution, and preferences for fixed-price contracts cause shipbuilding company...
Topics: naval industrial base, boom and bust, shipbuilding, Navy, sequestration, defense spending,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Tunning, Christopher W.
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Historically, military intelligence analysts and U.S. forces, frozen in their preferred strategy of attrition warfare, have undervalued civil information in conflicts against irregular threats. As operating environments grow more complex, uncertain, and population-centric, the roles of Civil Affairs Forces and civil information will become increasingly relevant. Unfortunately, the current analytical methods prescribed in Civil Affairs doctrine are inadequate for evaluating complex environments....
Topics: civil affairs, civil-military operations, irregular warfare, intelligence analysis, data science,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Workman, Stephen J.
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Recent optimizations in blockchain technology and increased utilization of software defined networking (SDN) have led to new opportunities in data center network management. The research problem presented in this study is whether a blockchain protocol can be efficiently used in east/west communications between geographically separated SDN domains. To evaluate blockchain geographic scalability in SDNs, experiments were performed utilizing latency measurements on a GENI testbed coupled with a...
Topics: SDN, software defined networking, blockchain, data center
Great strides have been made in identifying an author on the web by analyzing keystroke input, even down to determining what operating system the person was writing on at the time. Likewise, studying the author’s semantics and syntax provides helpful clues as to the identity of the author and whether or not the author is attempting to commit a forgery of some kind. However, most parse trees focus on either the human, or the machine, side of the Human-Machine Interface (HMI). Incorporating...
Topics: artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, authentication, natural language processing
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Veilleux, Andrew J.; Niven, Jason R.
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The Navy uses “zones” to define promotion eligibility of its officers in each of the control grades, O4–O6. Recent shifts in policy have begun to move the promotion system away from strict zone eligibility in favor of a more merit-based system that have re-defined zones. Despite recent steps to minimize the effects of promotion zone, such as removing zone labels from officer records, little to no research exists that supports such a policy change or other proposed alterations. Using data...
Topics: promotion, officer, zone, fast-track, slow-track
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Turk, Jacob H.
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This thesis analyzes the capabilities of a defense system, the M777A2 Lightweight Towed 155mm Howitzer, through the lens of survivability in a near-peer adversarial conflict. M777A2 technological upgrades enhanced digital communications creating a disconnect between doctrinal employment methods and new-found capabilities of the weapon system. This thesis argues that fully exploiting the capabilities of the Digital Fire Control System (DFCS) through distributed operations will result in a higher...
Topics: artillery, survivability, near-peer, M777A2, distributed
Naval Postgraduate School
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Is there a significant generational difference among South Koreans? If so, how do South Korean generations differ in their perceptions regarding national security? This thesis examines how historical experiences generate a cohort effect on certain age groups in South Korea (Republic of Korea [ROK]), and how these specific cohort effects develop generational differences. Four generations that have unique tendencies and characteristics are identified through cohort experience analysis. The New...
Topics: South Korea, inter-generational conflict, cohort effect, generation, U.S.-ROK alliance, domestic...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Wyckoff, Robert
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Mass casualty, premeditated, and targeted violence incidents connected with extremism and hate are on the rise in the United States. The year 2019 saw more mass killings in the United States than ever recorded in one calendar year. Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) is the government-funded program that intended to mitigate these threats, but diverse community groups labeled CVE a discriminatory spying campaign, focused exclusively on Muslim community members. This thesis explores whether CVE...
Topics: terrorism, terrorism prevention, community policing, countering violent extremism, targeted...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Wu, Lance F.
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Over the past thirty years, China has published various national plans and policies to foster science and technology innovation, with an emphasis on fostering an indigenous innovation capacity since the mid-2000s. In particular, these efforts include industrial policies to grow the role of private enterprises in spurring innovation as well as shifting the orientation of its education system away from instruction and lecture and towards fostering curiosity and the development of scientific...
Topics: China, innovation, political economy, science and technology, STEM, economic development, PRC, CCP,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Executable programs run on computers and digital devices. These programs are stored as executable files in storage media such as disk drives or solid-state storage drives within the device, and are opened and run. Some executable files are preinstalled by the device vendor. Other executable files may be installed by downloading them from the internet or by copying them in from an external storage media such as a memory stick or CD. It is useful to study file similarity between executable files...
Topics: file similarity, fingerprint, perceptual hashing, common subsequence, binary file comparison
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Culbert, Jonathan A.
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While many IP Geolocation Database (IPGD) studies exist gauging \"accuracy\" by comparing to ground truth (and other IPGDs), there is a dearth of studies looking at the stability of IPGD locations in longitudinal context. Here, we build a framework for such a study and apply it to MaxMind's GeoLiteCity (GLC) IPGD. We discover that there are indeed dynamic and anomalous behaviors in IPGD location histories that affect the stability of reported IP Geolocations (IPGs) over time. While...
Topics: IP geolocation, MaxMind, longitudinal, geolocation, database
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Clements, Lindsay A.
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In the past decade, twelve major mishaps at sea have occurred onboard U.S. Navy (USN) ships, two of which resulted in the combined loss of 17 U.S. Sailors. A comprehensive review of these incidents was conducted and the results were released in November 2017. The findings and action items from the comprehensive review were clear: integrate fatigue and stress management training into Surface Warfare Officer training and enlisted leadership development courses. The goal of this thesis is to start...
Topics: stress, surface warfare, ship driving, simulator, stress training, stress inoculation
Naval Postgraduate School
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There is no simple and objective method for rating the criticality of bridges that conveys multi-sector components. This thesis addresses this problem using a multi-sector approach that accounts for sector-specific disruptions that can arise from damage to a single bridge. Methods for rating bridges are drawn from the existing academic, industrial, and international communities’ efforts to quantify criticality. Using this sector-specific information, a novel solution is proposed for rating...
Topics: infrastructure, bridges, transportation
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Concepcion, Aldebert A., Jr.
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One of the most difficult aspects of research and study is the quality and availability of data. This thesis takes a hands-on approach to influencing, developing and implementing organizational and cultural change in enterprise operations in the collection and storage of data for the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center (DLIFLC). DLIFLC currently maintains three consolidated databases for the collection and storage of student data. Additionally, each of its eight language schools...
Topics: data management, strategy, organization change, enterprise, efficiency, governance, standardize,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Goodwin, Peter T.
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The study of keystroke dynamics began decades ago, but the field has become increasingly relevant due to current events that have increased public awareness of the erosion of internet privacy. Web servers of 2020 are highly sophisticated at observing and analyzing the behavior of users on their platforms. Current capabilities include detection of fraud and concealed information, predicting demographic traits, and identifying users, all based on idiosyncratic differences in the way users...
Topics: cyber security, privacy, keystroke biometrics, human computer interaction
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Choi, Steven S.
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This thesis analyzes the Republic of Korea Navy’s (ROKN) Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) objectives, the technical evaluation of ASW assets, and the consequences of the ROKN acquisition of possible nuclear-powered submarines. It looks at the Northeast regional maritime security environment related to submarines and the Republic of Korea’s (ROK) security environment, the ROKN’s objectives, and comparisons of various ASW platforms. Then, the thesis analyzes these data to weigh possible options...
Topics: the Republic of Korea's navy, nuclear powered submarine, submarine acquisition
Detection of underwater explosions by acoustic means, which has been widely researched, is simple, given the large peak pressures produced by these types of sources. By contrast, estimation of the explosive yield and type of explosive by such means has received less attention. This research compares the propagation of acoustic waves in a shallow water waveguide generated by underwater detonations producing broadband impulse signals. Typically, broadband waves are dispersive due to the waveguide...
Topics: acoustic propagation, waveguide dispersion, broadband explosive source, underwater ocean...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Ansley, James A., Jr.; Buffin, Kyle; Couture, Victoria E.; Gonaduwage, Eranga A.; Hakimipour, Stephen A.; Nguyen, Lisa
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The global proliferation of directed energy weapon technology presents a new threat for the United States as competitors try to capitalize on the technology's relative high potential of mission success and low operational costs. The use of these weapons necessitates new engineering solutions for naval assets in order to keep pace. It is essential to proactively plan for counter-directed energy weapon methods, tactics, and capabilities. This capstone project characterized the...
Topics: CDEW, counter-directed energy weapons, atmospheric conditions, lasers, UAV
In 2015, the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) instituted Plan Jericho, a comprehensive plan to transform the RAAF into the world’s first 5th Generation Air Force. As a key contribution to realize Plan Jericho, the Director General Personnel–Air Force is proposing how to structure and manage the workforce. During the initial workforce review, the project team identified a gap in the Air Intelligence Analyst (AIA) workforce. This thesis develops a Markov model to forecast the number of AIA...
Topics: air intelligence analyst, recruitment, promotion, Royal Australian Air Force, Markov model,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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In recent years, adversaries of the United States have become increasingly more adept at operating in the gray zone, which sits above normal statecraft and below armed conflict. In 2016, Russia used cyber-espionage and covert influence operations to sow discord among the American population and interfere in the democratic process of the U.S. presidential election. This attempt was but one part of a broader Russian gray zone strategy in which it uses non-military means to achieve its national...
Topics: nuclear, deterrence, policy, NATO, Russia, strategy, gray zone, grey zone, sub-conventional
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Getman, George E., Jr.
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Each fiscal year, the Marine Corps identifies goals to recruit highly qualified applicants for future service as officers. As part of that process, specific diversity goals are given to each Marine recruiting region, district, and recruiting station to ensure specified numbers of applicants are black, hispanic, or other, along with the requirement to recruit and select a certain number of female applicants. Achievement of this goal/requirement is delegated to the Marine Corps Officer Selection...
Topics: USMC, OSO, QCP, accessions, diversity, female, black, hispanic, other, OSS, district, recruiting,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Cho, Sunhye
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This research develops a principled method to efficiently collect intelligence from strategic targets in the absence of prior information. The resulting algorithms can be employed to geo-locate and characterize targets who attempt to avoid detection while crossing a perimeter. Our model considers the following scenario: agents operate in separate sectors of a perimeter, and a searcher attempts to interdict their activities. In every time period, each agent receives a demand of activities to...
Topics: multi-armed bandit, strategic bandit, perimeter protection, border protection, reinforcement...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Davis, Michael A., Jr.
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This thesis explores the modification of the Department of Defense (DOD) framework and model of net assessment for use by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The DOD uses net assessment to forecast strategically, often decades into the future, to determine where a net advantage or disadvantage exists over its adversaries. The information from such an analysis is then used by the DOD to determine where to best focus its resources in meeting these future adversaries. This thesis utilizes...
Topics: net assessment, DHS, homeland security, strategy, strategic planning
Naval Postgraduate School
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A diaspora of U.S.-born minors living in Mexico are falling under the radar of both U.S. and Mexican authorities. Referred to in this thesis as reverse dreamers, many of these minors express interest in repatriating to the United States in the near future, and the U.S. government is severely underprepared for their return. This thesis explores the social, personal, psychological, political, and ethical implications of reverse dreamers and the policies that might mitigate the growing concerns....
Topics: reverse dreamer, immigration, Mexico-U.S., American children, U.S. born citizens, repatriation,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Geiszler, Max M.
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The three Navy Enterprise Networks (NEN) IT-21, NMCI, and ONE-NET have a slew of automation integration work required in order to match their modern commercial equivalents in the mission of Network Operations (NetOps). Commercial companies such as AT&T, Amazon, Verizon, Extreme Networks, etc., have adopted network automation in their practice of NetOps, which have reduced manpower and increased network vigilance. This thesis shows how the Navy currently utilizes “reactive” network...
Topics: automation, Navy, enterprise, network, integration, infrastructure, re-active, INOSS, development,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The transmission of underwater sound and its interactions with the sediment layer of the ocean floor has impacts across many areas of naval warfare. There are numerous physical parameters influencing acoustics at the water-sediment interface. A numerical modeling approach, using the equation of motion from Biot’s theory of poroelasticity is useful in determining if variations in the physical parameters will have implications on acoustic reflections, transmissions, and bottom loss. These...
Topics: acoustics, Biot theory, poroelastic, anti-submarine warfare, mine warfare, hydrography
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Felber, David A.
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The European Union was established in order to create a more peaceful European continent through economic and social integration. To date, the EU has been successful; however, new challenges have begun to emerge. In particular, have the EU’s economic policies and German immigration procedures influenced the rise of populism in Germany, as represented by the populist group Alternative für Deutschland (AfD)? This question is answered by evaluating EU economic performance and mobility factors,...
Topics: European Union, EU, European Central Bank, ECB, Populism, immigration, asylum seekers, European,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Iran supports insurgent and counterinsurgent groups across the Middle East in opposition to the United States’ interests. Therefore, it is important to understand the strategy and approach of Iranian insurgency and counterinsurgency (COIN). Iran's expertise in insurgency and counterinsurgency comes from its experience battling opposition groups inside its borders. Since 1979, Iran has frequently combatted insurgencies in peripheral territories. One of Iran’s most problematic regions has...
Topics: Iran, IRGC, counterinsurgency, Sistan-Baluchistan, Jundallah, Jaish-Al-Adl, Baluch, COIN
This study examines whether five methodologies—balanced scorecard, earned value management, integrated risk management, knowledge value added, and lean six sigma—can support information system (IS) acquisition within the Defense Acquisition System. Each of these five methodologies offers a unique perspective to program managers that could increase their capability to monitor, predict, and adjust programs during the acquisition of IS and information technology intensive systems. The...
Topics: acquisition, earned value management, EVM, knowledge value added, KVA, lean six sigma, LSS,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Eichelberger, Carrie B.
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This thesis explores common factors associated with both victims of human trafficking and vulnerable populations in post-natural-disaster environments. This research aimed to prove post-natural-disasters can lead to human trafficking crimes. The research identified social, economic, and human security factors that are present in both human trafficking and natural disaster environments. Volatility in these categories destabilizes and disrupts multiple aspects of a community, consequently leading...
Topics: trafficking, labor trafficking, human trafficking, sex trafficking, disasters, hurricanes,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Boyd, Chadwick J.; Harris, Roderick E., Jr.; Kleparek, Christopher L.; Taylor, Joshua W.
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This capstone project studied the mission utility of using unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) systems to accomplish the over-the-horizon mission by modeling a variety of UAV capabilities and evaluating their contribution. An Excel probabilistic model of the mission was created to determine the optimized weapon loadout and swarm configuration, which assumed the electronic countermeasures (ECM) UAV to have the highest probability of enemy engagement due to its lead formation position and large radar...
Topics: BREM, management, planning, game theory, unmanned, UAV, autonomous, decision matrix, configuration,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Greene, John B.
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This thesis poses the question of how NATO can prevail against Russian propaganda that aims to undermine the alliance that has defended Europe for nearly 75 years. Particular attention is devoted to the visual element of propaganda found in posters, photomontages, drawings, and film used by the Soviet Union during the Cold War in its campaign against NATO, and more recently by the Russian Federation in its multi-faceted assault on the hearts and minds of Europe. The thesis analyzes these...
Topics: Russia, USSR, NATO, USN, United States Navy, NATO Information Service, NATIS, propaganda, mass...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Batayola, John Locke
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This thesis studies Flexible Work Arrangements (FWA) in the Australian Defence Force (ADF). I first describe the various leave types available to ADF members and compare these policies to other private and public sector industries. Next, I document the use of FWA by service members between 2012 and 2019. In general, few individuals use FWA despite its wide availability—a finding that is similar to other industries. I then estimated logistic regression models to study which types of service...
Topics: flexible work arrangement, telework, compressed hours, flexible hours, leave
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Gutzler, Alexander
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Cryptography is widely used by everybody in day-to-day activities. Many cryptographic algorithms rely on pseudorandom number sequences. One of the quickest methods of pseudorandom number generation is using linear feedback shift registers (LFSR) to generate sequences. LFSR sequences exhibit good statistical properties, but alone are not adequately secure due to their low linear complexity. To enhance the security, separate LFSR sequences can be combined into a single pseudorandom string by...
Topics: cryptography, pseudorandom number generation, linear feedback shift register, combiner, hybrid,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 20, 2020 Ardon, Aldo E.
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Despite the political pressure resulting from the surge of radical right-wing parties’ electoral success in the West—from the victories of President Donald Trump in the United States and Jair Bolsonaro in Brazil, to Matteo Salvini in Italy—Spain was, until recently, one of the few European countries considered to be invulnerable to this far-right trend. However, after nearly four decades of exceptionalism, the Spanish exclusion ended abruptly in 2018 with the ascendance of Vox, Spain’s...
Topics: political opportunity theory, right-wing populism, radical right-wing parties, anti-immigration...
Attraction and retention of qualified personnel, especially to less-than-desirable duty stations, is critical for mission success in the military. Social relationships, both on-the-job and off-the-job, play an important role in affecting the assignment and reassignment decisions of enlisted Sailors. This research examined social networks of enlisted aviation maintenance personnel at Naval Air Station (NAS) Lemoore using a job embeddedness model that measured number of links,...
Topics: social network analysis, social relationships, social support, job embeddedness, voluntary...